International Association of Approved Basketball Officials, Inc.

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Interpreter’s Clinic Notes from December 16, 2012

Test results:

  • - 114 members took the test
  • - 24 got 100% on both tests
  • - 4 others got 100% on the rules exam
  • - 30 others got 100% on the Manual exam
  • - 17 officials got more than 7 questions wrong (this test is designed for prospective officials and is not that hard. We should not be having that many members not passing this test)

Level One officials missed and average of .0621 questions. Level Two officials missed an average of 1.727 questions with a combined average of 1.098. Overall the average for the Board was 3.202 missed question son the Rules Exam. The overall average on the Manual Exam was 1.860.

The most missed questions in order on the Rules Exam were #’s 39, 24, 28, 47, 23 & 40.

The most missed questions on the Manual Exam in order were; #12, 21, 1, 7, 28 & 29.

Rules & situations

  1. A player leaving the playing court for an unauthorized reason to avoid a screen, foul or violation should be charged with a violation, Rule 9.3.3. A player leaving the court for an unauthorized reason to demonstrate resentment, disgust or intimidation should be charged with a technical foul, Rule 10.3.6i.
  2. Delaying returning to the court either purposely or deceitfully after legally being out of bounds is a technical foul.
  3. Successive time-outs after time has expired in regulation or at the end of an overtime period shall not be granted, even though there is still activity remaining related to that period.
  4. We are not time-out monitors. We only notify the head coach when they do not have any time-outs remaining.
  5. We need to do a better job at monitoring long hair during the pre-game warm-up. Rule 3.7 addresses this under safety concerns plus we can apply Rule 2.3 regarding the hair concealing the players number. Ask the head coach to address the player about the hair situation. A good rule of thumb is if the hair is down over more than ˝ of the number on the back of the jersey then it is too long.
  6. A change in interpretation regarding hair control devices has been given us. Any item that is on the front part of the head, either forehead or further back on the front of the head is considered a headband and must conform to the headband stipulations regarding size, color and logos. Hair control devices worn at the back of the head to keep the hair together or up are not regulated to color and only need to be elastic, rubber or cloth.
  7. If a scoring mistake from regulation play is found while an overtime is going on, the scoring mistake is rectified but the overtime is still played to its’ completion once it is started.
  8. Refer to Casebook play 6.4.1d regarding correcting an AP arrow mistake when there is a foul on an AP throw-in.
  9. Remember, there is no team control on a rebound, therefore a player rebounding the ball may tip/tap the ball into the backcourt where one of their teammates may recover the ball.
  10. Make sure to check when arriving at the game site who the game administrator is that will be on duty during the course of the game.
  11.  Utilize Rule 2.3 on any thing not covered specifically in the rules.
  12.  If the official scorer is not in a striped shirt, do not address it, just send me an e-mail after the game informing me of the situation. If a coaching box is not in place before the game and the game administrator does not want to put one down at that time, then the coaches cannot use a coaching box and must remain seated during the game. Also, inform me of this situation after the game, the same as if there are not other proper marking on the court, (i.e. “X” in front of scorer, proper lane markings)
  13. Be sure to count players on the court after time-outs, intermissions or mass substitutions. This will help avoid technical fouls in these situations for too many players on the court.
  14. Fouls on throw-ins should make us more alert to possible team control foul situations. The entire crew should be aware in such situations.
  15. In jump stop situations, landing must be simultaneous and the player does not have to be airborne. They can be jumping from one foot to a two footed landing. A player who is airborne and receives the ball, can land on both feet and have either foot as a pivot foot, this is not a jump stop, simply a two footed landing.
  16. With 3/10 of a second or less on the clock a player can only score with a tap / tip. If the player is fouled after tipping an is still in the air then they are considered fouled in the act of tipping and would receive two or three shots if the tap/tip is unsuccessful and one shot if it is successful. Casebook play #5.2.5B needs to clarify if the player is still in the air or not.
  17. Continue to work on outlet pass travels. Often times the player is not putting the ball to the floor to start the dribble before lifting the pivot foot.
  18. Before the opening tap is tossed the umpire should check to make sure that the head coaches chair is within the coaching box. Even if they say they are not going to sit down, there should be a chair for them within the coaching box area.
  19. After a foul with a made basket, we should be awarding the basket first both at the site of the foul and to the table.
  20. If any type of foul, technical or flagrant occurs after time and activity have expired for the game, it still should be penalized. If the shots would have a bearing on the outcome of the game then they are administered, if not, the foul is still recorded in the book and the technical or flagrant foul are reported to the Interpreter. If flagrant the player involved would have to sit out the next game. You have jurisdiction until you leave the visual confines of the playing court.
  21. We need to continue to work at ruling on contact involving crashes and collisions. Too many times there is no whistle in these situations when there needs to be one.
  22. Free throw violations are being called for players entering the lane too soon but we need to continue to monitor this.
  23. Be sure to indicate the spot of the ensuing throw-in after violations and non-shooting fouls. It is important for crew coverage and team information.
  24. Going ballside should not occur until the ball has settled into the frontcourt. We should not be going ballside when the ball is still in backcourt.
  25. If you have delay warnings or unusual technical foul situations be sure to inform the head coach.
  26. Be sure to report all technical fouls, even administrative. The form is on our Board #111 website.
  27. Mt. View middle school plays in the Central Maine League and they have some special rules regarding pressing. Please be aware if you are assigned one of their games that this is in effect.
  28. If you are assigned to pick someone up on a way to a game please do not tell them to meet you there since they are not being paid for travel.
  29. A few tips on rotating when fouls are called in three person officiating; 1. Never pass one another for the non-calling officials 2. The non-calling official closest to the basket will administer the free throws.

Things We Say

The public & media have a perception of us as officials and in many cases it is not good. What we say and do can affect this perception. They do not realize what we have to do as officials to become certified and prepared. Anytime we can help educate them through boosters groups, service clubs or team sessions would be to our advantage.

We need to be logical and realistic in our decisions such as dealing with medical related items, we are not there to limit people from participating.

We should not be participating in social chat media as it relates to officiating. This is an ethics issue. In talking with the media we should only be giving interpretations and not talking about judgment, players, teams or schools.

We cannot be continually talking to coaches during the course of the game and if we do talk to them be brief, firm and get moving. It takes our concentration off the game if we are talking to them. Sometimes non-verbal communication is the best such as eye contact, a nod, or hand up as if saying that’s enough. Never pour fuel on a fire by antagonizing a coach or hanging around them after a technical foul or contested ruling.

As far as talking with players, limit it unless dealing with an issue. You can be calming at times with things you may say. They need to know we are human too.

Do not engage much with fans. They do not know the rules and are cheering with a bias. Sometimes we can win them over by being personable and human. They need to know we are not robots but are humans and do have personalities, feelings and can be humorous.

When we are fans ourselves we are held to a different standard and should NEVER be giving officials a hard time or making derogatory comments towards them. This is one of the worst ethics violations and will be dealt with.

After the game be aware of what we say and where. People are listening. Don’t be a complainer, especially to other officials. They do not want to hear it and it will affect how they rate you. Come to a game, do your job, leave and ZIP IT !!

Thank you to David Anderson for sharing an experience he had last year in a game he was involved. Hopefully it was a learning experience for all of us.