International Association of Approved Basketball Officials, Inc.

User name & password are the same.

Interpreterís notes from
January 12, 2014 Clinic

Game observations by the Commissioner make it clear that the overall quality of officials and officiating is in very good order in Maine) That being said, we need to be aware and concerned about the following areas;

  1. When we accept an assignment we are a teacher for that night. We are serving the schools. They expect professionalism, thorough preparation, applying & enforcing the rules with no regards to the score, time, individual or team situation. Teams have prepared long & hard and expect officials to meet the expectations.
  2. Contact (illegal vs. incidental) Too many hands on, arm bars leaning on, reaching behind. Demand verticality on rebounding. Why do players create contact, to help their opponent ? All contact should be suspicious at first. Skirmishes for ball, especially near sideline causing player with ball to move pivot foot or go out of bounds and rule against the player with the ball is not acceptable.
  3. Traveling - When receiving pass and not dribbling properly immediately. Allows dribbler to beat defender if they are allowed to take a step before putting ball to the floor.
    1. Jump stop Ė Players are being allowed to step after jump stop. Donít confuse with 2 footed landing.
    2. Spin move and Euro Step are only legal if performed within the restrictions of the pivot requirements.
    3. Post player jumping backwards before dropping the ball or stepping backwards with the pivot foot
  4. Behind the back dribble or delay dribbling out front. Too often the dribble ends and then is started again since ball comes to rest.


  1. Ball location does not dictate coverage position. Players may be elsewhere.
  2. PCA coverage is vital, know your area and master it, if nothing going there then cover next closest matchup. Continual self talk,Ē my ball, their ballĒ
    Donít call in front of your partner unless it absolutely needs a ruling.
  3. Officiate every live ball situation. Many times on throw-ins and free throws(1st of multiple) we relax and are not prepared.
  4. Stay wide as the Lead when the ball is on your side of basketline. Should not be turning head to look towards sideline.
  5. Be sure to verbalize color along with indicating direction on rulings.
  6. Hustle to reporting area, (remember, reporting area is used for more than just fouls.
  7. Slow down with stop the clock signals. Make it two separate, distinct signals. Too fast, all blurred into one.
  8. 10 second count on free throws is visible and not totally inconspicuous.
  9. Do not give resuming play procedure until both teams are ready unless one team is not on floor after 2nd horn.
  10. On throw-ins start next to player, designate the spot then step back. Donít go into backcourt or way away from thrower if everyone is packed into frontcourt. Donít bounce right next to player and donít flip the ball.
  11. Must have a horn for subs unless table has fallen asleep. Do not hold up game for sub running from bench.
  12. Start closely guarded counts immediately, no specific stance required as long as within 6í. Trail often has a closely guarded situation in frontcourt. Switch hands.
  13. Positioning as Trail on free throws should be about one step behind the foul line extended and half to two thirds way to sideline. Closing down too soon is a problem, puts one in an improper position to see players responsible for.
  14. Kicking must be intentional act, usually there are very few kicks in a game.
  15. Enforce the coaching box rule.
  16. Nearest spot is important. Indicate, then designate. Too many not indicating, partner is confused. Donít make such signals a secret, all 10 players need to know.
  17. Team control foul signal is not a punch and it is not used for player control. Only depicts ďno shotsĒ
  18. Beckon subs with one arm, not fingers. (signal on page 199) Pointing direction is open palm with tucked thumb. (page 199)

Specific situations

  1. Postioning of calling official for time-out. Decide in pre-game how to handle it. Options are go back to original position immediately or stay at division line during time-out and then go back to original position after time-out.
  2. Coach/ asst. coach can check book at table at halftime, only managers & statisticians can during game, not assistant coaches.
  3. If mouth guards are used they must be worn properly, cannot be hanging out of mouth. Treat like shirts not worn properly and remove player.
  4. Uniform in Maine is beltless slacks.
  5. End of game scenarios. Be clock aware but must have definite knowledge. Cover situation with crew before making the final decision.
  6. More than 5 players on floor is a team technical, not on coach. See chart on page 70 in rulebook. Player Tís are never charged to coach, only bench technicals.
  7. Be sure to switch on all foul rulings. Reasoning is so you are not in same position next time down the floor to possibly make the same ruling. Partner, force switch.
  8. Granting time-outs, must be player control during a live ball. Request is only the start to the process. Official must process the request and see if it can be granted. Be composed. Player sliding on floor due to momentum but having control of the ball may request a time-out and it can be granted.
  9. Free throw lane rulings. Remember, only first along lane is penalized. Shooter or those outside 3 point arc can create a double violation. If first violation is by free throwers team then throw is over. When there is a violation along the lane by opponents and the shooter misses the rim, it should at least run through our mind, was that disconcertion ?
  10. Referee can designate partner to toss but not other duties.
  11. If net wraps up we do not stop play during live ball to put it down.
  12. A foul by the offense after a shot is taken is not a team control foul, shots will be taken if team is in the bonus.
  13. If there is a technical foul at halftime, the 2nd half starts with shots and throw-in by shooting team, arrow remains with which team had it for next AP situation.
  14. Slapping ball from opponent in your frontcourt after having control and losing it to the other team is not a backcourt violation if you go into backcourt to retrieve it.
  15. Pre-game handshake is to be a handshake, not a fist bump, even if requested by coach.
  16. Honor both games rules/signals if you are a college official. Remember, you are being watched by other officials.
  17. Wristbands/headbands. Team has white shirts with blue and yellow trim. Blue & yellow are their two school colors. Legal colors would then be, white, beige, black, blue or yellow. All must be the same color.
  18. Do not put on your T-report forms that you warned someone.
  19. Dead ball tweaks that make you look powerful, confident, professional;
    a.) Holding ball high during deadballs such as jumps, time-outs, subs., delays. Standing tall, not slouching, no hands on hips or knees.
    b.) Spit the whistle out after stopping the clock (partner hold briefly in case if needed)
    c.) Donít walk & talk, if legs are moving your lips should be still, when your feet stop your lips can start.
    20. NCAA research says college officials get rulings correct 90% of time but only 62 Ė 63 % on block/charge. I think we do a better job at the high school level but still need to work on it.
  20.  IAABO Video plays of the Week. Password changes with week #., click on Play of Week, Username is IAABO, password is video(week #) All past weeks can be accessed from this site.
  21. Look at Casebook plays; 9.13B, 9.1.3C, 9.1.3D, 9.1.3H Comment, 9.1.3I, 9.2.1B for some good review on violations related to free throws.

Good luck for the remainder of your season and remember to report all technical fouls through the form on the Boardís website as soon after the game as possible. Feel free to contact me with any questions or concerns.

Dave Ames
Board #111 Interpreter